It can be clearly seen from the drawing that there are several kinds of shared activities（共享活动） that urban citizens are enjoying much. On a closer look, a boy is using his mobile phone to unlock a shared bike that is parked in right order.Moreover, there is a traveler-looking young man recharging his mobile phone at a shared charging station, and there are several readers focusing on books in a shared library. Commercial and non-profitable shared activities make the metropolitan life more convenient. Furthermore, the limited resources(有限的资源) in highly populated areas（人口密集的地区） can be reallocated （重新分配） and then utilized more efficiently. In effect, with human society evolving, the proportion of private property may gradually decrease to escape the heavy dependence on environment.
As is ironically shown in the picture…, Undoubtedly, the picture satirized an epidemic prevailing among youngsters, namely, phubber（低头族） or the smart phone syndrome.（手机病） As for me, it is a problem that deserves grave concern.（值得深切关注） Two reasons, as far as I’m concerned（在我看来）, can be easily found to account for （解释）the phenomenon. As a result, the smart phone has attained enormous popularity and gradually become an indispensable part of our life.（我们生活中不可或缺的一部分） Eventually, the charm of the cell phone outshines the pleasure with friends and even makes parents forget their obligations. Besides the damage to the friendship, mobile phone syndrome can be disastrous in other ways. Thus it is most urgent for us to realize the harm of the syndrome and adopt every measure possible to reverse the condition.
We, specially the teenagers, should develop good living habits.（养成良好的生活习惯） Having a good rest is the fundamental need, which ensures us a strong healthy body and a good mood. We should go to bed early and get up early. Staying up late（熬夜） is bad for our health. Besides, healthy eating habits（健康的饮食习惯）are of great importance, which leads to both physical and mental health. We should eat more fruits and vegetables instead of （代替，而不是）biscuit,hamburgers and meat. Junk food （垃圾食品）is a fatal killer of our health, so we should stay away from it
In the set of pictures above, suspecting the vegetables for sale aren’t green food, a woman turns her back on（转身离开） the seller; doubting the credibility of advice from a self claimed expert dressed as a doctor, an old man turns away; a young man casts doubt on（产生怀疑）an officer who takes an oath of integrity（许下廉政诺言）.The underlying meaning of the drawings can be elaborated in terms of loss of trust（信任缺失） among people. There was a time when doors were left unlocked at night （曾几何时，夜不闭户）and no one pocketed anything found on. However, with the development of the society, people increasingly distrust each other. This crisis of trust in our society will bring many unfavorable consequences. Trust is the glue of life. It’s the most essential ingredient in effective communication. It s the fundamental principle that holds all relationships。（信任是生活的粘合剂。它是有效沟通的必备因素，也是维持所有关系的基本准则）
Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the picture below. In your essay, you should 1) describe the picture briefly, 2) interpret its intended meaning, and 3) give your comments. You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)
As is ironically shown in the picture, a little boy’s parents are both deeply addicted to the cell phone, while he is siting on the ground, crying alone. Undoubtedly, the picture satirized an epidemic prevailing among youngsters, namely, phubber,（低头族） or the smart phone syndrome.（手机病） As for me, it is a problem that deserves grave concern.（值得深切关注） Two reasons, as far as l’m concerned（在我看来）, can be easily found to account for（解释）the phenomenon. First of all, the unprecedented boom in telecommunications technology has made it possible for us to get access to every conceivable piece of information and service. As a result, the smart phone has attained enormous popularity and gradually become an indispensable part of our life.（我们生活中不可或缺的一部分） Plus, the springing up of countless powerful socializing and game applications has also deteriorated the issue. It is quite common to see young people focusing on their phones under all circumstances, playing games and posting status.Eventually, the charm of the cell phone outshines the pleasure with friends and even makes parents forget their obligations. Besides the damage to the friendship, mobile phone syndrome can be disastrous in other ways. A student addicted to mobile phone may be distracted from his or her study ; parents playing mobile phone may neglect their child and cause serious results. Thus it is most urgent for us to realize the harm of the syndrome and adopt every measure possible to reverse the condition。
如图所示，一个小男孩的父母深深地沉迷于手机，留他独自坐在地上哭泣。毫无疑问，此图讽刺了如今年轻人中非常普遍的一种流行病，即低头族或手机病。我认为，这个问题值得我们深切关注。 我认为，可以很容易地找到两个原因来解释这个现象。首先，通信技术前所未有的迅猛发展让我们能够轻易地接触到任何能够想象得到的信息和服务。因此，智能手机迅速得到普及，逐渐成为我们生活中不可或缺的一部分。其次，无数功能强大的社交和游戏应用也恶化了这一问题。现在在任何场合都可以经常看到年轻人专注地玩手机游戏或者发状态。最终，手机的魅力胜过了交友的乐趣，甚至使父母忘记了自己的责任。 除了对友谊有害，手机病带来的危害还体现在其他地方。学生沉迷于手机游戏便会影响学习;父母玩手机可能会忽视他们的孩子，从而造成严重的后果。所以当务之急是要意识到手机病的危害，并采取一切可能的措施来扭转局面。
The picture aims at revealing a simple truth: without action, any goal is just a fantasy.（没有行动，梦想只是空想） No one can deny the fact that taking action is extremely essential to achieving your goals. Only by turning your dream into action, can you really realize it. “The journey of a thousand miles starts with a single step. “(千里之行，始于足下) The more action we take, the more likely we are to accumulate experience, master skills and get close to our destination.
As is shown in the picture, a sailor is steering a ship in a calm sea, which definitely would not arouse his faculties and fortitude.(平静的水面练就不出强悍的水手) That is why the caption reads“A smooth sea never makes a skilled sailor.”There is no denying the fact that it is rough times that make us grow faster. The home is their comfort zone, and the longer they stay there, the less likely they would be able to deal with life’s storms. Just as a saying goes, greenhouse flowers cannot survive the unpleasant weather outdoors. (温室的花朵经不起外面的风雨) We should not be content with a life of ease.（不应该满足于安逸的生活） Instead we should be brave enough to take on new challenges to bring out the best in us（勇于接受挑战，成就最好的自己）
Write an essay of 160 200 words based on the picture below. In your essay, you should 1) describe the pictures briefly, 2) interpret the intended meaning,and then 3) give your comments. You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)
As is vividly shown in the picture above, both young men want to be a famous singer. One man is sitting on the chair is daydreaming about the day when he gives a perfect concert to all his fans, while the other practices the guitar and his singing skill all day long. The picture aims at revealing a simple truth: without action, any goal is just a fantasy.（没有行动，梦想只是空想） No one can deny the fact that taking action is extremely essential to achieving your goals. Only by turning your dream into action, can you really realize it. If you never take action, you will never have a chance to win, Just as an old Chinese saying goes, “The journey of a thousand miles starts with a single step. “(千里之行，始于足下) The more action we take, the more likely we are to accumulate experience, master skills and get close to our destination.To further demonstrate the importance of taking action, I would like to take a famous fable as a case in point: the Foolish Old Man who dreamed of removing the mountain in front of his gate began with carrying away small stones and finally realized his dream. Consequently, I believe, on the one hand, government and the media should lose no opportunity to publicize the importance of taking action.(宣传行动的重要性) On the other hand, in our daily life, more than just thinking of something, we have to put it into action（付诸于行动中）. Only by doing so, can we achieve our objective sand realize our dreams.
正如上图所生动展示的，两个年轻人都想成为歌星。一个坐在椅子上做白日梦，想着自己在举办一次完美的演唱会给粉丝听;而另一人整日苦练吉他和唱功。图画旨在揭示一个简单的道理:没有行动,任何目标都只是空想。 采取行动对实现目标非常重要,没有人能够否认这一事实。只有把梦想付诸行动，梦想才能实现。如果从不采取行动，就永远没有成功的机会。正如中国的古语所说:“千里之行，始于足下”。我们采取的行动越多,就越有可能积累经验、掌握技能，并靠近自己的目标。为了进一步说明行动的重要性，我想列举一个著名的寓言故事-愚公移山作为例子。愚公想把自己家门口的大山移走，他从搬小石子开始，最终实现了梦想。 因此，我认为,一方面，政府和媒体应该不失时机地宣扬行动的重要性。另一方面，在日常生活中，我们要付诸行动，而不只是空想。只有如此，我们才能达成目标并实现梦想。
Unfolded before us is a cartoon simply drawn yet profoundly meaningful. teachers’ ethics is essential(至关重要的) in the educational process. We can identify the significance of teachers’ ethics from the following perspectives. To begin with, it will help students to acquire the basic personal qualities for their future life. Furthermore, teachers’ ethics is a code of conduct that must be followed in the teaching process. Last but not least, teachers’ ethics is also critical for a progressive and healthy development.
The picture depicts… For many students, after years of preparation for the gruelling Gaokao, life gets much easier once they are at college where nearly everyone can graduate without having to be industrious.
Mobile phone usage in public places like hospitals can easily interfere（打扰） with the medical equipment, which can be harmful to the patient. 在医院等公共场所使用手机很容易干扰医疗设备，这对病人有害。 In my opinion, cell phones should be allowed in public places with some restrictions. What’s more, in public places, quiet zones where phone use is banned should be set up. 在我看来,应该允许在公共场所使用手机，并设有一此限制。此外，在公共场所,应该建立禁止使用手机的安静区域。
The unprecedented （空前的）expansion of cities undoubtedly leads to the excessive concentration of population, which in turn brings about a series of problems, such as environmental pollution, traffic jam, increased crimes and high housing prices. 城市空前的扩张无疑造成人口的过度集中,这反过来又会产生一系列问题，如环境污染、交通堵塞、犯罪增多及高房价等。 Therefore, the focus of urban authorities（市政部门） should be on consolidation and upgrading of urban infrastructure. Great attention should also be paid to develop a mechanism to monitor the carrying capacity（承受能力） of both resources and environment of cities to achieve urban layout optimization（布局优化）. 因此，市政部门应关注城市基础设施的整合和升级。还应该重点建立一种机制来监督城市资源和环境的承受能力，以达到城市布局最优化。
Worse still, in many places, waste is disposed of（被处理） by burning, and burning the recyclable waste（可回收垃圾） like plastics will give off toxic（有毒的） smoke which pollutes the air. 更糟糕的是，在很多地方，垃圾是通过焚烧来处理的，而焚烧诸如塑料之类的可回收垃圾会释放有毒气体，污染空气。
As is graphically illustrated(阐明，举例说明) in the bar chart, the number of tourists traveling during the Spring Festival in China increased … At the very beginning, there is no denying that the ever-accelerating pace of our life（生活节奏加快） and the improvement of our living standards （生活质量的提高）have
come to characterize our living habit, which in turn contributed to the marked change of traveling during the Spring Festival. What’s more, that numerous individuals have been blessed with（享有…的）both physical and mental benefits from traveling also conduced to the trend. Still, the governmental incentives serve as a momentous driving force（驱动力）of it.
There are probably two reasons contributing to(促成) the differences. First, in China, students without sustainable income（没有可持续收入） are still considered dependent on parents. Therefore, it is natural for them to ask their parents for money. By contrast,（相比之下） American students over 18 years have developed more senses of financial independence.（经济独立意识） Second, since America is more developed than China, it is relatively easier for American students to find part-time jobs（兼职）. Therefore, a larger proportion of income comes from part-time jobs in America.
The rapid growth of the sales of the new energy vehicles can be attributed to several factors. First of all, in big cities like Beijing, according to the vehicle restriction rule（车辆限行规则）, private cars in urban areas must be off the road one workday a week while new energy vehicles are allowed to be on the road throughout the week., Moreover, purchase tax exemption（免征车辆购置税） has boosted new energy vehicle sales,especially in the year 2015. Last but not least, the improvement of new energy vehicles has attracted more and more customers.
Write an essay based on the following table. In your writing, you should 1) interpret the table, and 2) give your comments You should write about 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET. (15 points)
The table shows that the income sources of Chine students are quite different from (与…不同)those of American students In China,85% of students’ money is from their parents while in America only 40% of students money is provided by their parents. Chinese students earn only 5% from part-time jobs and 5% from student loan（学生贷款）. However, American students get 20% and 25% of their money from these two sources respectively. In addition, fellowship or scholarship takes up 15% of American students’ income while income from this source for Chinese students occupies only 5%. There are probably two reasons contributing to （促成）the differences. First, in China, students without sustainable income （没有可持续收入）are still considered dependent on （依赖）parents. Therefore, it is natural for them to ask their parents for money. By contrast,（相比之下） American students over 18 years have developed more senses of financial independence.（独立的经济意识）Second, since America is more developed than China, it is relatively easier for American students to find part-time jobs. Therefore, a larger proportion of income comes from part-time jobs（兼职） in America. I believe in future, more Chinese students will realize the necessity of self-dependence and try to make their own living through part-time jobs and other ways.
译精彩翻译如图所示，关于大学生心理问题方面，显著的变化已然发生。根据图表所提供的数据我们可以看到，有心理问题的大学生比例这些年在快速上升。2006 年，面临这种问题的大学生比例是20.23%，然而不到7年的时间，比例上升到33.47%。 表格显示中美两国学生的收人来源有很大的不同。在中国，学生85%的钱是他们父母给的。而在美国，学生只有40%的钱是由父母提供的。中国学生的收人当中只有5%从兼职获得，5%从学生贷款中获得。然而，美国学生从这两个来源获得的收入分别占了20%和25%。此外，奖学金占美国学生收人的15%，而仅占中国学生收人的5%。 造成这些差异的原因可能有两个。首先，在中国，没有可持续收人的学生仍然被认为是要依靠父母的。因此，他们向父母要钱是自然而然的事。相比之下，美国18岁以上的学生养成了更多的经济独立意识。其次，由于美国比中国更发达，美国学生相对更容易找到兼职工作。因此，在美国，来自兼职工作的收人占比更大。 我相信在未来，更多的中国学生将认识到自我独立的必要性，并试着通过兼职和其他方式来谋生。