2007年考研英语阅览真题及解析【第二篇】(2007年考研英语text3答案)



2007年考研英语阅览真题及解析【第二篇】(2007年考研英语text3答案)缩略图

passage1注解:标题为赤色,翻译为蓝色,分析为绿色。????????for the past several years, the sunday newspaper supplement(弥补物,增刊) parade has featured a column called “ask marilyn.” people are invited to query marilyn vos savant, who at age 10 had tested at a mental level of someone about 23 years old; that gave her an iq of 228—the highest score ever recorded. iq tests ask you to complete verbal and visual analogies, to envision((愿望,意料=imagine)) paper after it has been folded and cut, and to deduce numerical sequences, among other similar tasks. so it is a bit confusing when vos savant fields such queries from the average joe (whose iq is 100) as, what’s the difference between love and fondness? or what is the nature of luck and coincidence? it’s not obvious how the capacity to visualize objects and to figure out numerical patterns suits one to answer questions that have eluded((尤指机警地,奇妙地)避开,躲避;使达不到,使不能完成;使不记住,使不了解(取这个意思)?) some of the best poets and philosophers.

1.supplement是弥补物的意思。在不一样语境下的不附和思,(在报纸或杂志的里)副刊,增刊;(书本的)补编,附录;(几许)补角
2.elude 使不了解,使不记住,避开,谐音回想:“易漏的”,易漏掉常识点,所以就会使人不了解,比方做数学题的时分,回想中漏掉了常识点,就会使自个不了解这个题,使自个不记住这道题怎么做,今后碰到这种题就会天性地想去避开它,因为自个潜知道里就在告诉自个不会这种题。所以elude 使不记住,使不了解,避开.

????????clearly, intelligence encompasses more than a score on a test. just what does it mean to be smart? how much of intelligence can be specified, and how much can we learn about it from neurology, genetics, computer science and other fields?
????????the defining term of intelligence in humans still seems to be the iq score, even though iq tests are not given as often as they used to be. the test comes primarily in two forms: the stanford-binet intelligence scale and the wechsler intelligence scales (both come in adult and children’s version). generally costing several hundred dollars, they are usually given only by psychologists, although variations of them populate bookstores and the world wide web. super high scores like vos savant’s are no longer possible, because scoring is now based on a statistical population distribution among age peers, rather than simply dividing the mental age by the chronological(按发生时刻次序摆放的;(年纪)准时刻核算的) age and multiplying by 100. other standardized tests, such as the scholastic assessment test (sat) and the graduate record exam (gre), capture the main aspects of iq tests.
????????such standardized tests may not assess all the important elements necessary to succeed in school and in life, argues robert j. sternberg. in his article “how intelligent is intelligence testing?”, sternberg notes that traditional tests best assess analytical and verbal skills but fail to measure creativity and practical knowledge, components also critical to problem solving and life success. moreover, iq tests do not necessarily predict so well once populations or situations change. research has found that iq predicted leadership skills when the tests were given under low-stress conditions, but under high-stress conditions, iq was negatively correlated with leadership—that is, it predicted the opposite. anyone who has toiled through sat will testify that test-taking skill also matters, whether it’s knowing when to guess or what questions to skip.

一、文章规划分析这是一篇关于智力查验的谈论文章。
文章第一段首要从报纸上一个专栏引出这一论题并对其做出了阐明。
第二段初步对智力查验的意义提出质疑。
第三段则愈加具体的对智力查验的内容进行了介绍。
最终一段则阐明,经过科学家的研讨得出,智力查验并不可以靠。

26. which of the following may be required in an intelligence test?
[a] answering philosophical questions.
[b] folding or cutting paper into different shapes.
[c] telling the differences between certain concepts.
[d] choosing words or graphs similar to the given ones.
26.以下哪一项可以呈如今智力查验中?
[a] 答复哲学疑问。
[b] 把纸折叠或剪切成不一样形状。
[c] 差异某些概念。
[d] 选出与所给单词或图形类似的单词或图形。

27. what can be inferred about intelligence testing from paragraph3?
[a] people no longer use iq scores as an indicator of intelligence.
[b] more versions of iq tests are now available on the internet.

2007年考研英语阅览真题及解析【第二篇】(2007年考研英语text3答案)插图
[c] the test contents and formats for adults and children may be different.
[d] scientists have defined the important elements of human intelligence.
27.从第三段可以揣度出关于智力查验的啥结论?
[a] 我们不再运用智商分数作为智力凹凸的方针。
[b] 如今我们在互联网上可以获得更多智商查验的版别。
[c] 关于成人和儿童的查验内容和方法可以有所不一样。
[d] 科学家现已清楚了人类智力中的首要要素。

28. people nowadays can no longer achieve iq scores as high as vos savant’s because
[a] the scores are obtained through different computational procedures.
[b] creativity rather than analytical skills is emphasized now.
[c] vos savant’s case is an extreme one that will not repeat.5
[d] the defining characteristic of iq tests has changed.
28.如今我们不再能获得莎凡那么高的智商分数,因为 。
[a] 如今的分数是经过不一样的核算程序获得的
[b] 如今更偏重创造力而不是分析才能
[c] 莎但凡一个极点个案,不会再重现
[d] 智商查验的界定性特征发生了改动

29. we can conclude from the last paragraph that
[a] test scores may not be reliable indicators of one’s ability.
[b] iq scores and sat results are highly correlated.
[c] testing involves a lot of guesswork.
[d] traditional tests are out of date.
29.从末段咱们可以得出结论 。
[a] 查验分数可以不是体现一自个才能凹凸的可靠方针
[b] 智商查验分数和美国学术评价查验成果亲近有关
[c] 查验中触及许多猜测行为
[d] 传统的查验现已过期

30. what is the author’s attitude towards iq tests?
[a] supportive.
[b] skeptical.
[c] impartial.
[d] biased.
30.作者对智力查验的情绪是啥?
[a] 撑持。
[b] 置疑。
[c] 公正,不偏不倚。
[d] 存有成见。

二、中心词汇与超纲词汇1. mental adj. 精力的,智力的
2. verbal adj. 口头的,不必言语的
3. analogy n. 类似,类推
4. envision vt. 愿望,意料
5. numerical adj. 数字的,用数标明的
6. fondness n. 喜爱,溺爱
7. coincidence n. 共同,偶尔
8. elude v. 躲避
9. encompass v. 围住,环绕
10. statistical adj. 计算(学)的 n. 计算量
11. peer n. 平等的人;同龄人
12. elements n. 原理,基础
13. predict v. 预言,预告
三、阅览答案:d c a a b四、全文翻译:?????????在曩昔几年中,《周日报》增刊上呈现了一个名为“玛丽琳疑问”的特征专栏。我们被聘请向玛丽琳·冯·莎凡提出各种疑问。此人 10 岁时参加了恰当于一般人 23 岁支配水平的智力查验,查验的智商为 228 (智商的最高记载)。智商查验需求你结束的使命常常是:词汇和图形类推、愿望纸折叠和剪切后的形状、推导数字序列,等等。因而,当莎凡答复(智商为 100 的)一般人提出的比方“爱与喜爱有何差异”或“命运和偶尔的本质是啥”这类疑问时,她感到有些利诱。愿望物体形状和计管用列的才能,不必定能使人具有满足的才能,来答复那些连最优良的诗人和哲学家都答复不了的疑问。
????????显着,智力的凹凸并不能只是经过查验的分数体现出来。那么啥叫“聪明”呢?有多少智力可以被清楚界说出来?关于智力,从神经学、遗传学、核算机科学和其它领域中,咱们又能晓得啥呢?尽管如今智商查验现已不像早年那么频频地运用,可是智商分数如同仍然是界说人类智力的术语。智商查验首要有两种方法:斯坦福—比奈智力气表和韦氏智力气表(二者都有成人和儿童版别)。?
????????尽管这两种查验方法的改编版别常常可以在书店和互联网上见到,但它们一般只由心思学家供给,费用一般为几百美元。莎凡那样的超高分数不可以能再重现,因为如今分数的核算是以同龄集体分数分布为基础的,而不是简略地用智力年纪除以实足年纪再乘以 100。其它的标准化查验,比方学术评价查验和研讨生入学考试,都具有智商查验的首要特征。
????????罗伯特·j·斯特恩伯格认为,这类标准化查验或许并不能评价关于学业和日子的成功来说有必要的一切重要要素。斯特恩伯格在他的“智力查验有多大可信度?”一文中指出,传统的智商查验可以极好地评价分析才能和言语才能,但不能评价创造才能和实习才能,而这两个要素关于处置疑问和在日子中获得成功也至关重要。此外,一旦查验集体或景象发生改动,智商查验不必定能做出精确的猜测。研讨发现,在压力小的环境下进行查验,智商可以正确地反映出领导才能的凹凸;可是在压力大的情况下,智商与领导才能呈负有相关络——也就是说,根据智商分数猜测出的领导才能与实践情况相反。任何参加过“学术评价查验”的人都可以证明,应试技能也很重要,比方晓得何时大约猜测或许啥标题可以略过不答。

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